Energy suppliers used by locals from time-to-time, before a reliable electrical generating system was introduced
The first Blackstone generation
The first Blackstone generation system installed at Hooker Bight, arrived to the islands during 1962, the facility electric network lines, reached only few areas, the Hill and San Luis sectors, and North End until the Sarie Bay neighborhood.
Registers the beginning of EMPUBLIS
1963 registers the beginning of EMPUBLIS, (empresa intendencial de servicios públicos) and the acquisition of two Sultzer brand electric plants, each capable to generate 1500 Kw.
The electrical generating system reached an installed capacity of 4.350 Kw during late 60s, comprised by, 3 diesel plants of 450Kw each and 2 more, with capacity to produce 1.500Kw each.
During mid 70s, the San Andres and Providencia Utility company (ELECTROSAN) was created, subsided by the ICEL, (Instituto Colombiano de Energia Eléctrica), they laid out technical and financial studies to expand the system installed capacity, prompting the incorporation of 2 Sultzer generation units, each with capacity of 3.200 Kw.h.
September 1988 witnessed a huge fire burn in the Sultzer units engine room, power supply was limited over the island for three months.
1989 el MME install in Bahia Hooker 6 plants EMD Running year 1 989, The Ministry of Energy and Mining, had installed 6 EMD generation units at Hooker Bight location.
Continual negative operation results of the Utility ELECTROSAN ignited the government decision to liquidate the company and create a new one. By decree 033 of 1995 APL (Arquipelago’s Power and Light) company was created to assume the Utility power Distribution and Commercialization.
At that once, CORELCA owner of the entire generation infrastructure, signed a contract with SOPESA in 1996 to ensure a reliable supply of electricity on the island. The generating facility was transferred from Hooker Bight to the present Punta Evans site; the type of contract undersigned, known as PPA (Power PurchaseAgreement), had a term of 15 years and the commitment to increase the installed generating capacity to 50.000Kw.
The Utility APL (Arquipelago’s Power and Light) was liquidated through resolution 20 of 2006, issued by the SSPD (Superintendencia de Servicios Publicos Domiciliarios). Due to its operational negative accumulated results, a new contract emerged between the liquidated entity and ETA SERVICIOS, this time was to, supply maintenance, operate the generating system, provide power Transmission & Distribution, and also give energy commercialization service.
EEDAS was created
EEDAS was created on December 2007 with the main purpose to develop and care all activities concerning the power supply service in the Archipiélago. This responsibility was carried out from January 2008 until April 2010.
The Central government issued the CONPES 3453/2006 document, which state the energetic future of the Archipiélago, projected as an exclusive energy provision area. The Ministry of Mining extended the public call 001/2009 for bidders who were interested to be selected as the unique Utility provider in the exclusive area of the Department.
2010 – 2030
After the contracting fulfillment was over, SOPESA was granted the faculty of exclusive operator of the entire Utility system throughout the Archipelago, according to Resolution 181960 of NOV 2009, and EEDAS received the overseeing responsibility of that contract.
Electricity demand in the Archipelago of San Andrés is 100 % generated by diesel fuel. The island is dependent on fluctuations in oil prices. The government subsidizes electricity bills to the commercial and residential sectors energy – although still very high electricity costs.
Renewable energy and energy efficiency provide a path to a cleaner, healthier future Using the sun and wind. With the adoption of energy efficiency practices and the establishment of a community vision of energy can accelerate the transition to a more cleaner energy sources.
The solution is to adopt energy efficiency and renewable energy. But first the community has to come together and establish an energy vision for San Andrés.
You have a voice in choosing your energy future and by getting involved you are helping to mold the future energy story or your home.
EEDAS S.A. E.S.P. was established since December 03, 2007, as a mixed public services company, with 67% equity participation of the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, the Archipelago Department Governor 32.9% and URRA, GECELCA, CEDENAR and ELECTROHUILA for a 1%.
EEDAS owns 100% of the Distribution assets (given free of charge to the Concession) and 16.67% of the Generation assets (PAR Corelca owns 83.33%).
Between January 1, 2008 and April 30, 2010, EEDAS was responsible for the comprehensive provision of the home public electricity service (generation, distribution and commercialization) in the Archipelago Department from the assignment of the contracts PPA C1-UTE-95 and Management No. 4262 signed between CORELCA and EEDAS.
As of Conpes No. 3453 of 2006, the National Government determined that the energy future of the Archipelago would be framed within a Geographic Area of Exclusive Service, this is how the Ministry of Mines and Energy began the process of public invitation to award the Concession Contract with exclusivity for the provision of the Electric Power Service in the Geographic Area of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.
After completing the contractual process, the concession contract for the Exclusive Service Area – ASE was awarded to SOPESA S.A. E.S.P., starting the operation for the provision of electric power service on May 1, 2010, date on which EEDAS S.A. E.S.P., also assumes responsibility for the activities associated with the Audit of the Concession Contract through the Inter-Administrative Contract No. 049 of 2010 signed with the Ministry of Mines and Energy.
Since 2008, EEDAS has structured projects aimed at the reliability of the electric power system and projects based on Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources for a value of more than $ 20,000 million that are in process at FAZNI and SGR.
In 2012, EEDAS designed, implemented and put into operation the Insular Monitoring Center, which allows real-time monitoring of the indicators of electric power service provision; additionally it has the capacity of geographic management of the system. (CHALK). management of infrastructure and control of assets associated with the provision of the service.
By instruction of the Presidency of the Republic and the Ministry of Mines and Energy, EEDAS has supported the energy transformation project of the Islands since December 2013.
(2013-2014-2017) EEDAS structured, built and operates the first photovoltaic solar installations in the Archipelago Department of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina with a total capacity of 60 kW.
In 2019, EEDAS expanded the company’s corporate purpose, which allowed it to enter other stages within the scope of action of public services, signing a contract with the Departmental Government of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Islas, for the supervision of the concession for the management of the MAGIC GARDEN solid waste disposal site.
In the same year, as a result of the strategic redefinition, EEDAS created a business unit called the ENERGY EFFICIENCY UNIT (E.U.) based on the ESCO model, as a vehicle for business diversification with a view to generating added value.
In the same year, EEDAS formulated the CTeI project “Research for the strengthening of capacities in the provision of energy service in the Islands”, with SGR resources (2019).
The National Development Plan 2014-2018 determined in its axis “A- A Prosperous, Equitable Caribbean without Extreme Poverty”, as a priority for the Archipelago, the need to develop projects, policies and initiatives aimed at reducing the consumption of DIESEL fuel as a primary source in its Objective 4:“ Advancing towards the provision of energy cleaner and less expensive ”.
In coherence with this, the Departmental Development Plan has established in its strategic axis the development of a Sustainable Archipelago, based on the development of projects that allow the current use of DIESEL to be displaced by energies from renewable sources.
Following these premises, and based on CONPES 3855 document, the route is established so that within the framework of the Clean Investment Funds (CIF – Clean Investment Funds), resources are received from the Clean Technology Fund (CTF – Clean Technology Fund ). Resources that were destined to finance and scale projects in the areas of urban transport, energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energies (FNCER). Starting with a pilot for 14 users on Santa Catalina Island and 1 institutional user on San Andrés Island.
The objective of this pilot was to implement and evaluate solutions based on Energy Efficiency and Renewables, in order to establish the basis for the development of the massive Efficiency Plan with allocated resources of USD $ 10 million.
In 2017, in alliance with the Government of the Department, EEDAS developed the socialization and sensitization of the community of the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina regarding the energy transformation aiming towards the efficient use of renewable energies and unconventional sources of energy in the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve
The number of socializations carried out was 16,000 throughout the Archipelago, door-to-door visits were made in each of the selected homes, explaining the energy transformation and communicating the benefits acquired after the efficient use of energy resources, in order that users learned and internalized a series of behavioral guidelines on the use of energy.
EEDAS identified nine (09) energy efficiency recommendations prioritized towards high consumption elements and focused on the customs of the region (culture, idiosyncrasy, physical characteristics) information that was included within the advertising material delivered to users by EEDAS S.A. E.S.P. Through brochures and posters on energy efficiency and Non-Conventional Sources of Renewable Energy and the format of socialization surveys for the residential and non-residential sector.
In the Archipelago, 120,000 barrels of oil are consume annually in the transportation component, a situation that exceeds consumption for electricity production by 25%. This situation within the biosphere reserve calls for the establishment of specific plans for the revision and transformation of the high dependence on fossil fuel.
Due to the strengths of the new EEDAS headquarters and its Insular Monitoring Center, it is important to carry out a test pilot for electric vehicles to determine the following parameters:
Durability of the components.
Stability and duration of the accumulators.
Renewable charging systems.
Performance and performance.
As EEDAS carries out Auditing and monitoring tasks for energy and renewable transformation projects, it becomes the ideal vehicle for testing 2 electric transport systems.
The vehicles will be charge through a system of photovoltaic panels interconnected with the photovoltaic solar power system of the new Headquarters (Grid Tie).
The system to be use in an area of 60m2 will contain the following elements:
b.- Photovoltaic panels.
c.- Investors / Regulators / Control.
d.- Measurement and monitoring system.
As a complement to the new EEDAS S.A. Headquarters projects, this project was structure for the application of a hybrid system (photovoltaic – wind) for self-generation of energy in the new educational classrooms and the administrative building of the Caribbean headquarters of the National University (San Luis Headquarters). Besides, it allows achieving the development of energy efficiency alternatives that contribute to the reduction of subsidies for lower rates; this project owned by EEDAS S.A. E.S.P., is oriented to active buildings and with the purpose that the model remunerates its operating and investment costs via kWh produced.
The project has been operating since 2014, where the system tests and necessary adjustments were carry out to connect to the network. Currently, the system installed at the National University represents the first Grid Tie system in the region and has provided valuable information that EEDAS has incorporated into its project bank, especially the energy transformation process of the Archipelago and the New Headquarters.
Additionally, EEDAS carried out two photovoltaic installations. The first one was for the First Baptist School on the Hill that aimed to cover about a quarter of its energy needs (8 kWp). The other was for the first Baptist Church, which in the first phase generated about 40% of its consumption (3 kWp) and in the second phase, with accumulators (batteries) that target 90% of the demand, taking advantage of the fact that the islands have an excellent wind and solar resource.
EEDAS S.A. E.S.P. in 2016 presented to the Mayor of the Municipality of Providence and Santa Catalina a conceptual proposal for the development of a floating solar auto-generation project in the Agua Dulce dam (Fresh Water Dam). This project has a primary energy destination for the treatment plant of pumping of the aqueduct or in its defect of the Public Lighting of the sector.
This proposal, based on the advantage of installing panels in stable bodies of water (dams, lakes, etc.) where direct and indirect radiation (known as albedo) is use, given the reflection characteristics of the water, increasing solar use. In addition, the bodies of water maintain lower temperatures, which increases the efficiency and performance of the panels.
The project was known by the Global Green Growth Institute GGGI firm, which seeks to implement the project with international cooperation resources, requiring the development of previous studies aimed at the implementation of a floating solar self-generation installation in the Fresh Water dam. Decision was made to hire EEDAS SA E.S.P., based on her experience in renewable energies as up to $ 22 thousand USD worth.
The energy of the system will be used to supply part of the energy consumption of the pumping station of the Providence and Santa Catalina, which has an average monthly consumption of 8,000 kWh.
During 2019, an important achievement was accomplish by completing, after five years of work, the approval of the project “Research for the strengthening of capacities in the provision of energy in the islands”. The cost worth $ 6,996 million (resources CTeI SGR OCAD), was obtained in the Ministry of Science, highlighting that the evaluation committee recommended EEDAS S.A. for its experience and knowledge as executor.
This project is a turning point for energy in the islands because it incorporates the PIMMA Monitoring, Measurement and Analysis Platform as a center, which will collect all the information on the islands’ energy system and generate databases for 5 power lines. This Research is associated with the same number of scholarships for master degrees; training for more than 1,000 inhabitants and the implementation of 2 pilot projects. The first self-generation solar medium-scale installation with 140 kWp capacity and a pilot of green electroline stations and electric vehicles (6) to evaluate the incorporation of a mass and particular electrical transport system to the clean energy matrix of the Islands.
This project is of great relevance for the Islands, since it aims to establish the foundations for a future energy transformation, not only generating experience, but also defining knowledge as a critical mass for the future development of projects, with an approach aimed at building capacities in the population.
The relevant figure: The pilots associated with the project, by 2040 will reduce 3,220 Tons of CO2 in emissions (by replacing DIESEL with photovoltaic solar energy and mini-wind systems).
The fishing terminal for artisanal fishermen in the northern area of San Andrés, has the implementation of a solar / mini-wind self-generation system with a capacity of 50 kWp and the development of Energy Efficiency measures that allow reducing the projected consumption of the building by 50%, with estimated savings per month for the department of $ 12 million and for the nation of $ 14 million in subsidies, with a total investment of $ 900 million.
The San Andrés fishing terminal is located in the industrial zone of the department, adjacent to the facilities where the DIMAR operates, a place that will become the main site for the collection of marine product, processing and sale, with which the strengthening of artisanal fishing activity and generate a whole social economy around fishing on the Island of San Andrés.
At a general level in the fishing industry, the energy cost associated with the cold chain is one of the components with the greatest weight in operating costs. The islands are not alien to this situation and from the future perspective, the cost generated in the energy bill will be one of the main challenges to face when starting the fishery, because the freezing systems start from an important consumption base (empty), which increases with demand and this combined with a significant cost per kilowatt hour will have to be validated to guarantee the sustainability of the operation.
The scope of this project is the activities of information analysis, data collection, design, preparation and implementation of energy efficiency measures with emphasis on the use of Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources as a cost reduction measure in operation and reduction use of fossil fuels as a primary energy source and therefore GHG Greenhouse Gas emissions.
The relevant figure: By 2040 the project will reduce 1,073 Tons of CO2 in emissions (by replacing DIESEL with photovoltaic solar energy and mini-wind systems).
The main purpose of the new EEDAS Bio Climatic Headquarters is to meet the need to strengthen the operational structure and develop efficient cost management, contributing to the management of the energy transformation process of the Islands, as the new headquarters is an operational management laboratory comprehensive energy and rational use of energy.
EEDAS Headquarters operates in facilities located in the renowned Punta Hansa sector. At present, the automation systems and the self-generation system are operational.
The building has generated a total change in the operational dynamics of the organization, guaranteeing comfort and safety to the workers, highlighting the strategic importance of having the only building with Bio Climatic characteristics in the Archipelago, which places EEDAS as a leader in these Projects.
Among the highlights of the project are:
25 kW Photo Voltaic Self Generation System
EEDAS has 3 years in advance of Law 1715 of 2014, during which she formulated, structured and executed 2 projects with Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources. The main strength of the New Headquarters corresponds to the fact that 85% of its consumption comes from clean energy, which also generates cost savings for the service.
LIGHTING AUTOMATION SYSTEM.
EEDAS building has a fully automated centralized lighting system, with high-efficiency T5 and LED luminaires, comparable to modern systems such as the one used at the Nuevo El Dorado Airport.
In the Energy Efficiency component, the UPME identified as one of the critical factors in energy efficiency in the Islands, the lighting of both homes and commercial and official buildings. In this sense, EEDAS observes the business potential associated with energy efficiency, which is why she designed and developed an automated system for energy saving and as a “Show Room” for potential clients.
HVAC AUTOMATION SYSTEM.
One of the most innovative aspects of the EEDAS Building is the Air Conditioning automation system, which at a cost 70% less than a centralized system, takes advantage of the Air Inverters available in the market to manage consumption.
TECHNICAL ANALYSIS FOR EACH UNIT
The system used by EEDAS takes advantage of the lighting automation system (sensors, KNX system) to control the Air Conditioning units with RF signal inductors, activating or deactivating functions according to the movement of personnel (sensors).
The objective of the system is to achieve the maximum efficiency of the component responsible for 70% of consumption in institutional buildings and that represents close to $ 60,000 million in subsidies per year at the Department level.
From the financial point of view, the project for the new headquarters represents real and effective savings, since the headquarters has, as said at the beginning, a self-generation system of energy from a solar system located on its roof with a capacity of 25 kW.
The objective is to solve the public lighting deficit in the southern area of San Andrés Island, for which an energetically sustainable solution was developed for public lighting because there are no electrical networks and it is a traffic area for both residents and tourists who have security problems. The project is of great importance to establish a change in the public lighting system of the Islands, which is responsible for generating about 2,600 tons of CO2 per year.
The project consists of the installation of 180 LED luminaires with photovoltaic power systems that include their own storage system (batteries). The luminaires are distributed in the South End sector, which does not have a public lighting supply or infrastructure available for a potential expansion of conventional lighting.
The solution represents a challenge, depending on the investment and the application of alternatives based only on energy efficiency, compared to the necessary investment and sustainability in the medium and long term. Despite the fact that there are initiatives in other countries and in large cities with this type of technology, in non-interconnected areas (ZNI) and in island areas, no innovation has been applied in public lighting systems beyond the replacement of the luminaires to LED.
This project goes from the eastern margin of the Island to the Elsy Bar sector. The first support located at the coordinates N 12º 29 ’32’ ‘and W 81º 43′ 18 ”, crossing the bypass towards the south passing through south end (South End), bordering towards the West intermittently towards the north until the West View sector, with the last support located at the coordinates N 12º 30 ’80’ ‘and W 81º 43’ 46 ” . Additionally, secondary roads such as Velodia Road and Elsy Bar, where there was no infrastructure, will be covered within the project.
The relevant figure: By 2040 the project will reduce 545 Tons of CO2 in emissions (by replacing DIESEL with photovoltaic solar energy).